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这些英语词原来都是缩写词!

来源:翻译公司 时间:2020-01-10 11:09

日常生活中大家一定见过各式各样的英文缩略词,诸如:ATM/EMS/GPS/VIP等。观看综艺节目时很可能见过VCR情节,美剧爱好者则必定见过FBI/CIA等词,港剧中则会时不时出现ICAC。
这些都属于英语中的缩略词用法,其作用在于实现语言表达的简洁性。老师为此汇总整理了最常见的英文缩略词以及英文句子表达中常见缩写用法,拿出你的笔记本开始学习吧…

英文缩略词

电子科技类

IT:信息技术(Information Technology)

PC:个人电脑(Personal Computer)

APP:应用程序(Application)

CPU:中央处理器(Central Processing Unit)

www:环球信息网/万维网(World Wide Web)

WiFi:无线网络/无线保真技术(Wireless Fidelity)

CD:光盘/激光唱片(Compact Disk)

DJ:音乐节目主持人(Disc Jockey)

TEL:电话机(Telephone)

VCD:录像光盘(Video Compact Disk)

DVD:数字录像光盘(Digital Video Disk)

VCR:盒式磁带录像(Video Cassette Recorder)

MV:音乐短片(Music Video)

KTV:卡拉OK(Karaok TV)

TV:电视(TeleVision)

GPS:全球定位系统(Global Positioning System)

ETC:不停车收费系统(Electronic Toll Collection)

ABS:防锁死刹车系统(Antilock Brake System)

SUV:运动型多用途轿车(Sport Utility Vehicle)

BRT:快速公交系统(Bus Rapid Transit)

LRT:轻轨公交系统(Light Rail Transit)

ATM:自动取款机(Automatic Teller Machine)

 

这些英语词原来都是缩写词!收藏起来给孩子看,全面又实用

 

 

国家/地区及国际组织类

PRC:中华人民共和国(The People's Republic of China)

HK:香港(Hong Kong)

JP:日本(Japan)

KR:韩国(Korea)

UK:英国(United Kingdom)

US:美国(United States)

USA:美国(United States of America)

RUS:俄罗斯(Russia)

SGP:新加坡(Singapore)

EU:欧洲联盟/欧盟(European Union)

UN:联合国(United Nations)

WTO:世界贸易组织(World Trade Organization)

WHO:世界卫生组织(World Health Organization)

CIA:美国中央情报局(Central Intelligence Agency)

FBI:美国联邦调查局(Federal Bureau of investigation)

FDA:食品药品监督管理局(Food and Drug Administration)

ICAC:廉政公署(Independent Commission Against Corruption)

OPEC:石油输出国组织/欧佩克(Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries)

 

这些英语词原来都是缩写词!收藏起来给孩子看,全面又实用

 

 

机构/公司和协会类

EMS:邮政特快专递(Express Mail Service)

PLA:中国人民解放军(People's Liberation Army)

CCTV:中国中央电视台(China Central Television)

CBA:中国篮球协会(Chinese Basketball Association)

NBA:美国篮球协会(National Basketball Association)

BBC:英国广播公司(British Broad-casting Corporation)

VOA:美国之音(Voice of America)

IOC:国际奥委会(International Olympic Committee)

ISBN:国际标准书号(International Standard Book Number)

 

这些英语词原来都是缩写词!收藏起来给孩子看,全面又实用

 

 

其他常见杂类缩写

Ad:广告(Advertisement)

Add:地址(Address)

BBQ:烧烤(Barbecue)

DIY:自己动手/自助服务(Do it Yourself)

ET:外星人(Extra Terrestrial)

ID:身份证(Identification Card)

IQ:智商(Intelligence Quotient)

EQ:情商(Emotional Quotient)

PE:体育(Physical Education)

No.:号码/编号(Number)

KFC:肯德基(Kentucky Fried Chicken)

DNA:遗传基因组织(Deoxyribonucleic Acid)

GMT:格林威治时间或国际标准时间(Greenwich Mean Time)

GDP:国内生产总值(Gross Domestic Product)

OMG:我的上帝/我的天哪(Oh My God)

SOS:求救信号(Save Our Soul)

UFO:不明飞行物(Unknown Flying Object)

VIP:重要人物/贵宾(Very Important Person)

WC:厕所(Water Closet)

Mr.:先生(Mister)

Ms.:女士(Mrs. or Miss)

Mrs.:夫人/太太(Mistress)

AD:公元(Anno Domini)

BC:公元前(Before Christ)

AM:上午(Ante Meridiem)(before noon)

PM:下午(Post Meridiem)(afternoon)

CEO:首席执行官(Chief Executive Officer)

CFO:首席财务官 (Chief Finance Officer)

COO:首席运营官(Chief Operating Officer)

CTO:首席技术官 (Chief Technology Officer)

PhD:博士(Philosophy Doctor)

MBA:工商管理硕士(Master of Business Administration)

MPA:公共管理硕士(Master of Public Administration)

中国人民银行:PBC(The People's Bank of China)

中国建设银行:CCB(China Construction Bank)

中国农业银行:ABC(Agriculture Bank of China)

中国工商银行:ICBC(Industrial & Commercial Bank of China)

中国银行:BOC(Bank of China)

交通银行:BCM(Bank of Communications)

招商银行:CMB(China Merchants Bank)

 

这些英语词原来都是缩写词!收藏起来给孩子看,全面又实用

 

 

星期/月份缩写

星期一:Mon.(Monday)

星期二:Tues.(Tuesday)

星期三:Wed.(Wednesday)

星期四:Thur.(Thursday)

星期五:Fri.(Friday)

星期六:Sat.(Saturday)

星期天:Sun.(Sunday)

一月:Jan.(January)

二月:Feb.(February)

三月:Mar.(March)

四月:Apr.(April)

五月:无简写(May)

六月:Jun.(June)

七月:Jul.(July)

八月:Aug.(August)

九月:Sep.(September)

十月:Oct.(October)

十一月:Nov.(November)

十二月:Dec.(December)

 

计量单位缩写

克 G(Gram)

公斤 KG(Kilogram)

公吨 MT(Metric Ton)

米 M(Metre)

厘米 CM(Centimetre)

毫米 MM(Milimetre)

公里 KM(Kilometre)

码 Yd.(Yard)

英尺 Ft.(Foot)

英寸 In.(Inch)

升 L(Litre)

毫升 ML(Millilitre)

加仑 Gal(Gallon)

千瓦 KW(Kilowatt)

马力 HP(Horse Power)

平方米 Sq.m(Square metre)

立方米 Cu.m(Cubic metre)

小时 Hr.(Hour); 分 Min.(Minute); 秒 Sec.(Second)

 

英文句子表达常见缩写

not相关的否定缩写

通常在原词后加n’t,若原词以n结尾,直接加’t。

1、系动词 + not:

isn’t = is not;wasn’t = was not

aren’t = are not;weren’t = were not

注意:am not一般不缩写。

2、助动词 + not:

don’t = do not;doesn’t = does not

didn’t = did not;haven’t = have not

hasn’t = has not;hadn’t = had not

3、情态动词 + not:

can’t = can not;couldn’t = could not

won’t = will not;wouldn’t = would not

shouldn’t = should not

◆例句

1、Tom isn’t my brother. = Tom is not my brother.(汤姆不是我的弟弟。)

2、He didn’t come back. = He did not come back.(他没有回来。)

3、She can’t finish the work alone. = She can not finish the work alone. (她无法独自完成工作。)

 

人称代词+系动词的缩写

am缩写成’m,are缩写成’re,is缩写成’s。

I’m = I am;he’s = he is;she’s = she is

you’re = you are;we’re = we are

they’re = they are;there’re = there are

there’s = there is;that’s = that is;it’s = it is

注意:this is一般不缩写。

◆例句

1、I’m a teacher. = I am a teacher.(我是老师。)

2、They’re my friends. = They are my friends.(他们是我的朋友。)

3、There’s a book in my bag. = There is a book in my bag.(我包里有一本书。)

 

疑问词+系动词的缩写

Who’s = Who is;Who’re = Who are

How’s = How is;How’re = How are

When’s = When is;When’re = When are

What’s = What is;What’re = What are

Where’s = Where is;Where’re = Where are

◆例句

1、How's your family? = How is your family?(你的家人都好吗?)

2、What’s the matter? = What is the matter?(你怎么了?)

3、Where’re you going? = Where are you going?(你要去哪?)

 

助动词的相关缩写

have缩写成’ve,has缩写成’s,had缩写成’d。

I've = I have;You've = You have;

He's = He has;She's = She has;It's = It has

We've = We have;They've = They have

I’d = I had;you’d = you had;He'd = He had;She'd = She had

It'd = It had;We'd = We had;They'd = They had

◆例句

1、I’ve got a job. = I have got a job.(我找到了一份工作。)

2、We've been married for one year. = We have been married for one year.(我们结婚一年了。)

3、He'd never learned to read. = He had never learned to read.(他一直没有学会阅读。)

 

情态动词的相关缩写

will缩写成’ll,would缩写成’d。

I’ll = I will;you’ll = you will

she’ll = she will;he’ll = he will

we’ll = we will;they’ll = they will

I’d = I would;you’d = you would

she’d = she would;he’d = he would

we’d = we would;they’d = they would

◆例句

1、I’ll see you tomorrow. = I will see you tomorrow.(明天见。)

2、He'll study harder. = He will study harder.(他将更加努力学习。)

3、They’d like to come with us. = They would like to come with us.(他们想和我们一起去。)

 

其他缩写

1、Let’s ...=Let us ...

2、My name’s ...=My name is ...

◆例句

1、Let's go to the cinema together.=Let us go to the cinema together.(我们一起去看电影。)

2、My name’s Gina.=My name is Gina.(我的名字叫吉娜。)

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